SMU’s Four Law Professors
Who Made History at Nuremberg
Robert G. Storey at the Nuremberg Trials.
Following the Nuremberg Trials, four prosecutors for the U.S. legal team joined the faculty of SMU Dedman School of Law – and continued making innovative contributions to international and human rights law.
Robert G. Storey served as SMU Dean and Professor of Law from 1947 to 1959. His work as executive trial counsel at Nuremberg, which primarily focused on Nazi secret police (the Gestapo), earned him the U.S. Medal of Freedom and French Legion of Honor. After joining SMU, Storey, a native Texan, focused on making the school an “international legal center” by hiring international law experts, promoting foreign-exchange training programs and hosting international law conferences. In 1947, he created one of the nation’s first community legal clinic programs, now offering 11 specialized clinics and projects providing education and public service. Storey also founded the Center for American and International Law and wrote The Final Judgment? Pearl Harbor to Nuremberg (Naylor, 1968). See video of Storey at the Nuremberg Trials.
Whitney R. Harris taught law at SMU from 1948 until 1959 and would be instrumental in helping establish the International Criminal Court in 1998. At Nuremberg, the U.S. Navy captain led the prosecution case against Ernst Kaltenbrunner, the highest-ranking member of the Gestapo, and interrogated Rudolf Hoess, former commander of the Auschwitz concentration camp. After the Tribunal he was decorated with the Legion of Merit. While at SMU he served as director of the newly created Law Institute of the Americas and wrote Tyranny on Trial (SMU Press, 1954). See video of Harris at Nuremberg (with related interviews):
Jan P. Charmatz, a leading comparative law scholar, was a professor at SMU from 1958 to 1970. The native of Prague, Czechoslovia, taught in Cuba, Puerto Rico, at Yale and Tulane Universities and in Luxembourg after serving at Nuremberg as a trial attorney and associate prosecutor involved in the I.G. Farben Trial. In 1977 he co-authored Comparative Studies in Community Property Law.
Walter W. Brudno was an adjunct professor of law at SMU from 1965 to 1980. At Nuremberg the U.S. Army Private First Class was tapped to serve as assistant trial counsel to present the case against chief Nazi Party ideologist Alfred Rosenberg and his role in the plunder of European art treasures. See video of Brudno at Nuremberg.
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October 24, 2016
By Denise Gee
DALLAS (SMU) – SMU’s unique connections to the Nuremberg Trials – where Nazi leaders were prosecuted for World War II atrocities, setting the foundation for modern international and human rights law – were highlighted at two events commemorating the 70th anniversary of the trials on Monday, Oct. 24.
Expert insight on the legacy of the trials accompanied an exhibit of rare items – including Hitler’s marriage certificate, will and Nuremberg-related documents – from “The Storey Collection” shared by the family of former SMU School of Law Dean Robert G. Storey. After his work as executive trial counsel at Nuremberg, the former U.S. Army colonel focused on making SMU an international law center. Storey’s work ultimately drew three other former Nuremberg prosecutors to join the law faculty: Whitney Harris, Jan Charmatz and Walter Brudno.
“For SMU to have had only one professor involved in the Nuremberg Trials would be a badge of honor. But to have had four? That’s extraordinary,” says SMU Dedman Law Prof. Chris Jenks. An armed forces and humanitarian law expert, Jenks organized the on-campus panel discussion and introduced the Storey Collection at the late-afternoon event.
Storey, Harris, Charmatz and Brudno met while working as prosecutors for what was officially known as the International Military Tribunal, held from November 1945 to October 1946 in Nuremberg, Germany, the Nazi Party’s ceremonial birthplace.
The unprecedented legal proceedings, consisting of one main trial and 12 subsequent trials, resulted in trials of dozens of high-ranking Nazis, including Hermann Goering and Rudolf Hess. The Allied Powers (the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) used some 3,000 tons of the Third Reich’s own meticulous documentation to provide what Storey called “unimpeachable evidence” of crimes against peace, the laws of war, and humanity. The Tribunal also revealed much of what is known about the Holocaust: the Nazis’ systematic murder of 6 million Jews and 5 million others based on religion, race, political affiliation or sexual orientation.
“Unless record was made … future generations would not believe how horrible the truth was,” explained the chief prosecutor for the U.S. legal team, Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson.
Added former prosecutor Harris, “For the first time in history, absolute rulers were brought to account before the law. There is no longer any state, or any ruler of any state, who can claim total immunity from the law. … The age of empires has passed. At Nuremberg we put tyranny on trial. It is our duty to keep tyrants forever under the law.”
At the commemoration’s first event, “The Nuremberg Tribunals’ Legacy: SMU’s Role in Seeking Justice, Then & Now” (at SMU Dedman School of Law), experts in international criminal law and human rights discussed the Trials’ significance, its SMU connections and University’s ongoing efforts to promote accountability. Sponsored by SMU Dedman Law, the SMU Veterans Law Association, the SMU Criminal Law Association and the Center for American and International Law, the event featured as guest speakers:
- Lelia Nadya Sadat, Washington University School of Law James Carr Professor of International Criminal Law, director of the Whitney R. Harris World Law Institute and Special Adviser on Crimes Against Humanity to the International Criminal Court.
- Rick Halperin, director of SMU’s Embrey Human Rights Program and faculty member with SMU’s Department of History with a particular expertise in Holocaust studies. He has served three times as board chair for Amnesty International USA.
- Becky Bailey, Dallas County assistant district attorney experienced in humanitarian law. As a SMU Dedman Law student she participated in an externship with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at The Hague in Netherlands. She earned her J.D. in 2010 and B.A. from SMU in 2005.
- Jenia Turner (moderator), SMU Dedman Law professor of international criminal law.
The second public event was “The Nuremberg Trials: 70 Years Later” (featuring the Storey Collection) at the Fairmont in Dallas. Distinguished international criminal law experts discussed the Trials’ key aspects in conjunction with the Storey Collection items that once belonged to former Nuremberg prosecutor and SMU Law Dean Storey. Additional items belonging to another former Dallas-based Nuremberg prosecutor, George E Seay, Sr., also were featured.
Sponsored by SMU’s Dedman School of Law and Tower Center for Political Studies, the Center for American and International Law, the Dallas Historical Society and Dallas Holocaust Museum Center for Education and Tolerance, the event’s guest speakers were:
- John Q. Barrett, St. John’s University School of Law professor and Elizabeth S. Lenna Fellow/board member of the Robert H. Jackson Center in Jamestown, New York.
- David Crane, Syracuse University College of Law professor and executive director of the Lender Center for Social Justice and Atrocity Prevention.
- Lelia Nadya Sadat: Washington University School of Law James Carr Professor of International Criminal Law and director of the Whitney R. Harris World Law Institute and Special Adviser on Crimes Against Humanity to the International Criminal Court.
- Lee Cullum (moderator): Host and commentator for KERA.
Whitney Harris at Nuremberg.
Walter Brudno at Nuremberg.
|Defendants at Nuremberg.
Jan P. Charmatz