Faculty and Staff

Anne E. Lincoln

Associate Professor of Sociology

Associate Professor




Research and Teaching Interests

Work and Organizations, Labor Markets, Gender, Culture and Culture Industries

Current Research

Lincoln's research explores stratification processes in education, the labor market, and the culture industry, particularly attraction and retention in science careers. Her research on the feminization of veterinary medical education challenged commonly-held beliefs that women choose veterinary medicine because it allows them to express a caring nature or that they are less concerned with salaries than men are. Instead, she found that men and women are equally motivated by earnings and that the profession's feminization is driven by men's avoidance of the feminizing classes, resulting from men's lower college graduation since the early 1980s. In research with Elaine Howard Ecklund, she finds that men and women are less likely to further pursue a science career if they have had fewer children than they would have liked by the time they are pursuing a graduate degree in science.

Lincoln gave the keynote address at the Second International Symposium of the Female Scientists Support Unit at Nihon University in Tokyo, and has been an invited speaker at the National Science Foundation, the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Association for Women in Science, the Dallas County Community College District STEM Summit, the Women's Transportation Seminar, and numerous other meetings of scholars and professionals. Her research has received national and international exposure in the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, The Times (of London), and elsewhere.

Lincoln was interviewed on CNN's Anderson Cooper AC360 program, where she discussed the change in veterinary medicine from an occupation mostly filled by men to one increasingly held by women. View the video here.

In March, Lincoln was interviewed on CBS for a segment on the new book by Facebook COO Sheryl Sandburg "Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead." View the video here.

Also in March, Lincoln's NSF-funded research (with Elaine Howard Ecklund of Rice University) received press in the New Scientist. Read the article here: "Growing a Family Alongside a Science Career."

In April, Lincoln was interviewed for the April 1 JAVMA News (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association) regarding the effect of the feminization of the profession on women's salaries. Read the article here: "The gender gap: Why do female veterinarians earn less than male veterinarians?"

In May, Lincoln was interviewed for National Geographic magazine on how women's scientific accomplishments are often ignored. Read the article here: "6 Women Scientists Who Were Snubbed Due to Sexism."


2009-2013. "Advancing Ways of Awarding Recognition in Disciplinary Societies (AWARDS)." National Science Foundation. Co-Principal Investigator with the Association for Women in Science. $796,834.

2007-2011. Perceptions of Women in Academic Science.” National Science Foundation. Research on Gender in Science and Engineering program. Co-Investigator with Elaine Howard Ecklund, Rice University. $299,334 plus $55,154 supplement grant.

Selected Publications

Beyond the Ideal Scientist.  Forthcoming in 2016 at New York University Press. (with Elaine Howard Ecklund) 

2014.  "Male Scientists' Competing Devotions to Work and Family: Changing Norms in a Male Dominated Profession."  Work and Occupations 41:477-507.  (with Sarah Damaske, Elaine Howard Ecklund, and Virgina White)

2014.  "Narratives of Outreach in Elite Contexts of Academic Science."  Science Communication 36: 85-101. (with David R. Johnson and Elaine Howard Ecklund)

2012. "Gender Segregation in Elite Academic Science." Gender & Society 26:693-717. (with Elaine Howard Ecklund and Cassandra Tansey)

2012. "How Academic Biologists and Physicists View Science Outreach." PLoS ONE 7:5 (with Elaine Howard Ecklund and Sarah A. James.

2012. "The Matilda Effect in Science: Awards and Prizes in the United States, 1990s and 2000s." Social Studies of Science 42:307-320. (with Stephanie Pincus, Janet Bandows Koster, and Phoebe S. Leboy) 

2012. "Oscar et Cesar: Deep Consecration in French and American Film Acting Careers" pp. 107-127 in Careers in Creative Industries (Chris Mathieu, ed.) Routledge Advances in Management and Business Studies series.

2011. "Scientists Want More Children." PLoS ONE 6:8. (with Elaine Howard Ecklund)

2011. "Scholars’ Awards Go Mainly to Men." Nature 469:472. (with Stephanie Pincus, and Phoebe S. Leboy)

2010. "The Shifting Supply of Women and Men to Occupations: Feminization in Veterinary Education." Social Forces 88:1969-1999.

2009. "Evaluating Science or Evaluating Gender?" (with Stephanie Pincus and Vanessa Schick)

2008. "Gender, Productivity, and the Marital Wage Premium." Journal of Marriage and Family. 70:806-814.

Finalist for the 2009 Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Excellence in Work-Family Research.

Named a top-20 work-family article of 2008 out of 2,500 articles identified.

2007. "Cultural Honours and Career Events: Reconceptualising Prizes in the Field of Cultural Production." Cultural Trends 16:3-15.


  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Rice University, 2004-2006
  • Outstanding Dissertation Award, Washington State University, 2004
  • Ann Madsen Depew Memorial Scholarship, Washington State University, 2004