Roshan Pandian

Assistant Professor






Ph.D. Indiana University

My research examines how globalization and political economy shape economic development, distributional outcomes, and gender relations. My research agenda is oriented toward three classic sociological questions: (1) how has the global reorganization of production near the turn of the last century affected developmental prospects for countries in the Global South, (2) how do globalization and political economy shape income inequality, poverty, and well-being within countries, both rich and developing, and (3) how do development and globalization shape gender relations and family systems in the developing world. Most of my work is cross-national in scope and uses quantitative macro-comparative methods.

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Research and Teaching Interests

  • Globalization & Development
  • Comparative Political Economy
  • Social Stratification
  • Gender
  • Quantitative Methods


  • Pandian, Roshan K. 2024. "The Decline of Global Inequality in the 21st Century: Reconsidering the Industrial Transformation Thesis." American Journal of Sociology 129(5):1493-1534.
  • Pandian, Roshan K. 2024. "Globalization of Production, Manufacturing Employment, and Income Inequality in Developing Nations." Social Science Research 118:102975.
  • Pandian, Roshan K. & Keera Allendorf. 2022. "The Rise of Sonless Families in Asia and North Africa." Demography 59(2): 761-786.
  • Pandian, Roshan K. 2019. "World Society Integration and Gender Attitudes in Cross-National Context." Social Forces 97(3): 1095-1126.
  • Alderson, Arthur S and Roshan K. Pandian. 2018. "What is Really Happening with Global Inequality?" Sociology of Development 4(3): 261-281.
  • Pandian, Roshan K. 2017. "Does Manufacturing Matter for Economic Growth in the Era of Globalization?" Social Forces 95(3): 909-940.
  • Allendorf, Keera & Roshan K. Pandian. 2016. "The Decline of Arranged Marriage? Marital Change and Continuity in India." Population & Development Review 42(3): 435-464.
Roshan Pandian