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Maguire Center for Ethics & Public Responsibility

Index Page

Introduction

What we are and (are not) doing here

How to use the toolkit

A Method-Based Approach to Moral Judgment: How to put ethical theories, codes and principles into practice

Guidelines for choosing relevant and useful cases for analysis and discussion

General requirements for case selection

Requirements for cases over the arc of a course

General instructor notes on applying ethics

Three levels of moral thinking

Method 1: Reflective equilibrium

Two Methods for Applying Ethics

An integrated method for generating more considered moral judgments

Lesson 1: Introducing basic concepts in moral thought and reasoning

Concept 1: The moral point of view
Concept 2: Obligations (or duties)
Concept 3: Rights
Concept 4: Special obligations and rights
Concept 5: Permissions (options)
Concept 6: Consequences
Concept 7: Moral agents vs. moral patients
Concept 8: Morally relevant significant factors

Lesson 2: A procedure for analyzing cases and applying ethical theories and principles

A Brief overview of ethical theory (materials for instructors)

What is an ethical theory?

Kinds of ethical theories

Act-focused theories

Consequentialist theories

Non-consequentialist (incl. deontological theories)

Agent-focused theories

Virtue ethics

Ethics of Care

Moral Rights: Theoretical background

Moral rights vs. legal rights

Human rights vs. legal rights

Human rights, natural rights, and civil rights

Claim rights, liberties, powers, and immunities

Correlative duties

Consent, waiver, and forfeiture

Inalienable rights

Constraints, instruments, or goals

Principles, codes and doctrines (material for instructors)

The doctrine of double effect

The doctrine of doing and allowing

Rights as constraints

The harm principle

Professional codes of ethics

Click here to download the full tool kit. [pdf]