February 4, 2015
DALLAS (SMU) — Thanks to a Fulbright Scholars Grant, SMU Dedman School of Law Assistant Professor Chris Jenks has begun a six-month research project in Melbourne, Australia, where he is studying how emerging technologies impact accountability in armed conflict.
Jenks is working at the Asia Pacific Centre for Military Law (APCML), a collaborative initiative between the Australian Department of Defense and Melbourne Law School.
“The APCML is the only entity in the world applying a systematic and holistic approach to technology and the law of armed conflict,” Jenks says. “It’s the best place in the world to study the subject. I’m very excited by and for this opportunity.”
Jenks, who joined the Dedman Law faculty in 2012, teaches and writes on the law of armed conflict and criminal justice. He also is director of the law school’s Criminal Justice Clinic.
At the APCML, Jenks will work closely with Bruce Oswald and Tim McCormack, two of the world’s foremost experts on international humanitarian law. McCormack, the founding director of the APCML, also serves as Special Adviser on International Humanitarian Law to the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague.
Jenks explains his Fulbright research: “Right now if there’s an air strike and civilians are killed, the law of armed conflict and state practice provide a framework through which we can determine when someone is criminally liable. But when the air strike is autonomous, or it is a cyber attack, who’s to blame? The commander? The software designer? A civilian programmer who may have entered the wrong line of code two years prior? We need to think more about and address such issues before they inevitably arise,” he says.
Jenks is an internationally respected expert on the law of armed conflict. He is the co-author of a law of armed conflict textbook and co-editor of a forthcoming war crimes casebook. He served as a peer reviewer of The Tallinn Manual on the international law applicable to cyber warfare and the U.S. Army’s field manual on the law of land warfare. He has published articles on drones, child soldiers, extraordinary rendition, law of war-based detention, targeting and government contractors. He also has spoken on these topics at universities and institutes in Australia, Brazil, Italy, South Africa Thailand and the U.S., and to the militaries of the Republic of Yemen and several European, African and Asian countries. Jenks recently served as a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense on U.S. military security sector reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Professor Jenks came to SMU following a 20-year career as an officer in the U.S. Army.
Initially an Infantry officer, he served in the U.S., Europe, Kuwait and Bosnia. After transitioning to the Judge Advocate Generals (JAG) Corps, he was assigned as the primary international and operational law advisor near the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea, defending Status of Forces Agreement rights of American soldiers involved in high-profile, politically sensitive criminal cases.
In 2003, he was the lead prosecutor in the Army’s first counterterrorism case. In 2004, he deployed to Mosul, Iraq and served as chief legal advisor on investigations and as prosecutor for crimes against the civilian population, detainee abuse and friendly fire incidents.
Rising to the rank of Lt. Col., Jenks worked as the deputy chief of the U.S. Army’s litigation division, as an attorney adviser at the Department of State the United Nations and as chief of the International Law Branch of the Office of The Judge Advocate General in the Pentagon.
Jenks has received the Valorous Unit Award, the Bronze Star Medal, and both the Expert Infantryman and Parachutist Badges. He is a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, the University of Arizona College of Law, the Judge Advocate General’s Legal Center and School and Georgetown University Law School.
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