Jeffrey Engel has authored or edited ten books on American foreign policy, including:
- Cold War at 30,000 Feet: The Anglo-American Fight for Aviation Supremacy (Harvard University Press, 2007), which received the Paul Birdsall Prize from the American Historical Association
- Local Consequences of the Global Cold War (Stanford University Press and the Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2008)
- The China Diary of George H.W. Bush: The Making of a Global President (Princeton University Press, 2008)
- The Fall of the Berlin Wall: The Revolutionary Legacy of 1989 (Oxford University Press, 2009)
- Rethinking Leadership and “Whole of Government” National Security Reform, with Joseph R. Cerami (Strategic Studies Institute, 2010)
- Into the Desert: Reflections on the Gulf War (Oxford University Press, 2012)
- American in the World: A History in Documents from the War with Spain to the War on Terror (Princeton, 2014, with Mark Lawrence and Andrew Preston)
- The Four Freedoms: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Evolution of an American Idea (Oxford 2016)
- When Life Strikes the President: Scandal, Death and Illness in the White House (Oxford University Press, 2017)
- When the World Seemed New: George H.W. Bush and End of the Cold War (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2017).
A frequent media commentator on past and current events, his scholarly and popular articles have appeared in such journals as Diplomatic History; Diplomacy & Statecraft; Project Syndicate; Perspectives on History; Enterprise & Society; The International Journal; Air & Space Magazine; The Los Angeles Times; and The Dallas Morning News.
He is currently writing Seeking Monsters to Destroy: How America Goes to War, From Jefferson to Obama (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).