Brian W. Stump
Albritton Professor of Earth Sciences, SMU
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Professor Stump is an expert in seismic wave propagation, inverse theory, earthquake and explosion source theory, mining related phenomenology.
Brian Stump's primary research interests include seismic wave propagation in the near-source (hundreds of meters to tens of kilometers) and regional (hundreds of kilometers) distance ranges, seismic source theory and shallow geophysical site characterization. In addition, the interaction of politics with science is a topic of study primarily motivated by the role seismology plays in monitoring nuclear explosions.
Recent work has focused on characterization of explorations as sources of seismic waves. Studies have included the quantification of single fired nuclear and chemical explosions as well as milli-second delay fired explosions typical of those used in the mining industry. The spatial and temporal effects of mining explosions and their signature in regional waveforms has been of particular interest. This research has application to the monitoring of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty where even small explosions will have to be identified using their seismic signatures.
Combining different types of data sets in effective ways for resolving fundamental physical processes that generate seismic waves is a related research project. In the case of large, near-surface mining explosions, video images of the explosions in combination with ground motion and acoustic measurements can be used to quantify the importance of processes such as explosive shock, free face interaction and material cast in the generation of seismic waves. Ultimately, it is hoped that this research will provide the basis for using seismic waves as diagnostics of blasting proctices.
Moment tensor representations are used in both forward and inverse studies of explosion and earthquake sources. Application of these techniques utilizing synthetic Green's functions is being used int the comparative study of shperical and cylindrical explosive sources. Particular attention is being applied to separation of compressional and shear wave energy from these types of sources.
In all these investigations, experimentation plays a critical role. Explosions unlike earthquakes can be controlled and thus their time and location known prior to the event. This characteristic provides the opportunity to design and field experiments that include a variety of instrument types (ground motion, acoustic and video) that can be used for source resolution. Cooperative experiments with the US mining industry have and will continue to be invaluable in all our source studies.
Education and Honors
- Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
Publications, Speeches and Presentations
- Stump, B., Myung-Soon Jun , C. Hayward , Jeong-Soo Jeon , Il-Young Che, K. Thomason, S. House and J. McKenna, 2003, SMALL APERTURE SEISMO-ACOUSTIC ARRAYS:Design, Implementation and Utilization, submitted Bulletin of Seismological Society of America
- Stump, B. W., D. C. Pearson and V. Hsu, 2003, Source Scaling of Contained Chemical Explosions as Constrained by Regional Seismograms, accepted Bulletin of Seismological Society ofAmerica to appear 2003.
- Stump, B. W., M. H. Hedlin, D. C. Pearson and V. Hsu, 2002. Characteristics of Mining Explosions at Regional Distances, to appear Reviews of Geophysics 2002.
- Hayward, C., B. Stump and M. A. Lowery, 2002. Correlating Multi-Phenomenology Measurements with Blast Design in a Copper Mine, Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Techniques, Feb 10-12, 2002, Las Vegas, NV, International Society of Explosives Engineers, Vol. 1, p 305-314.
- Stump, B. W. and D.C. Pearson, 2002. Source Scaling of Single-Fired and Delay-Fired Explosions Constrained by In-Mine and Regional Seismograms, Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Techniques, Feb 10-12, 2002, Las Vegas, NV, International Society of Explosives Engineers, Vol. 2, p 243-252.
- Hedlin, M. H., B. W. Stump, D. C. Pearson and X. Yang, 2002. Identification of Mining Blasts at mid- to Far-Regional Distances using Low Frequency Seismic Signals, Pageoph, v159 No. 4, p831-864
- Yang, X., B.W. Stump and D.C. Pearson, 1999. Moment tensor inversion of single-hole mining cast blast, , Geophysical Journal International, 139, 679-60.
- Phillips, W. S., D.C. Pearson, X. Yang and B. W. Stump, 1999. Aftershocks of an Explosively Induced Mine Collapse at White Pine, Michigan, Bulletin Seismological Society of America, 89, 1575-1590.
- Yang, X., Stump, B.W., and J. D. Smith, 1999. Ground Vibration from Single-hole Cast Blasts, Journal of of Explosives Engineering, 16, 36-41.
- Stump, B. W., D. C. Pearson and R. Reinke, 1999. Source comparisons between nuclear and chemical explosions detonated at Rainier Mesa, Nevada Test Site, Bulletin Seismological Society of America. 89, 409-422.
- Yang, X.., B. W. Stump, W. S. Phillips, 1998. Source Mechanism of an Explosively Induced Mine Collapse, Bulletin Seismological Society of America., 88, 843-854.
- Anandakrishnan, Sridhar, S. R. Taylor and B. W. Stump, 1997. Quantification and Characterization of Regional Seismic Signals from Cast Blasting in Mines: A Linear Elastic Model, Geophysical Journal International, 131, 45-60.
- Stump, B. W., D. P. Anderson and D. C. Pearson, 1996. Physical Constraints on Mining Explosions, Synergy of Seismic and Video Data with Three Dimensional Models, Seismiological Research Letters,67, 9-24.
- Koch, K. and B. W. Stump, 1996. The Contraints for Upper Mantle Shear Wave Models of the Basin and Range from Surface Wave Inversion, Bull. of Seism. Soc. of Am., 86, 1591-1607.
- Koch, K. and B. W. Stump, 1995. Implications for upper mantle structure of western U.S. from complete far-regional seismograms, Bull. of Seism. Soc. of Am., 85, 1432-1444.