SMU Policies and Resources for a Drug Free Campus

Risks Associated with Substance Abuse

Risks Associated with Substance Abuse

Alcohol: Impaired judgment, nausea, vomiting, confusion, impaired coordination, memory loss, reduced respiratory rate, lowered body temperature, muscle paralysis, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, cancer, bone marrow damage, impotence and damage to sexual organs, intestinal bleeding, inflammation of the pancreas

Marijuana: Interrupts linear memory, nausea, upper respiratory problems, agitation, anxiety, paranoia, headaches, dizziness, confusion. Regular users can develop amotivational syndrome.

K2, Spice and Other 'Synthetic Marijuana':  Anxiety, racing heart, blood pressure spikes, chest pain, paranoia, nausea, seizures, hallucinations.  May contain many unknown contaminants.

Salvia Divinorum:  Disconnection from reality and environment, hallucinations, extreme fear and paranoia possible.

Cocaine: Irritability, restlessness, insomnia, anxiety, paranoia, increased heart rate, blood pressure, increased body temperature, malnutrition

Amphetamine, Methamphetamine: Sweating, disturbed sleep, itching, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, irritability, moodiness, anxiety, twitching, panic, paranoia, delusions of grandeur, malnutrition, aggression, violent behavior, severe depression, suicidal tendencies

MDMA: Appetite suppression, visual distortion, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, increased body temperature, restlessness, nervousness, shivering, jaw clenching, teeth grinding, tongue & cheek chewing, difficulty concentrating, short term memory loss, confusion, muscle tension, sexual dysfunction, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, headaches, dizziness, impaired coordination

GHB: Dizziness, slurring of speech, decreased motor skills, difficulty focusing eyes, nausea, vomiting, grogginess, unconsciousness, disorientation, convulsions, decreased respiratory rate

Benzodiazepines: Upset stomach, tremors, confusion, dizziness, clumsiness, dry mouth, memory impairment, headache, decreased blood pressure, reduced reflexes

Heroin and other opiates: Inability to concentrate, pin-point pupils, droopy eyelids, limited vision, slowed breathing, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, constipation, decreased sex drive, increased urination, itching, low body temp, sweating, liver damage, kidney damage, bacterial infections related to use of needles

Inhalants: Disorientation, dizziness, loss of cognitive abilities, emotional volatility, memory loss, impaired coordination, loss of consciousness, visual disturbances, muscle spasm/weakness, nausea, rapid/irregular heart beat, decreased blood pressure, decreased respiratory rate, sneezing, coughing, increased thirst, irritated eyes, nose, and mouth, dementia, sudden inhalant death syndrome

DXM, Dextromethorphan: Decreased sexual functioning, confusion, disorientation, upset stomach, vomiting, dizziness, itching, rash, red blotchy skin, diarrhea, fever, tachycardia

LSD, Psilocybin Mushrooms: Anxiety, difficulty focusing, tension, jaw tension, increased perspiration, nausea, dizziness, confusion, paranoia, panic, fear

Steroids: Risks: Acne, Jaundice, trembling, swelling of feet and ankles, HDL reduction, high blood pressure, liver damage, cancer, aching joints, mood swings, depression, delusions, uncontrollable anger, aggressiveness, manic episodes, paranoid jealousy, irritability, impaired judgment. Gender Specific Risks: Males: Shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, impotence, baldness, urinary track problems, development of breasts, enlarged prostate; Females: Growth of facial hair, menstrual problems, enlargement of the clitoris, deepened voice, breast reduction

**Damage from intravenous drug use: In addition to the adverse effects associated with the use of a specific drug, intravenous drug users who use unsterilized needles or who share needles with other drug users can develop HIV, hepatitis, tetanus (lock jaw), and infections in the heart. Permanent damage can result.