Parchment bound over sturdy cover boards, highlighting the living patterns of goatskin parchment without flattening the skin in any way by using adhesives. Five parchment lacings weave through the cover creating a variety of crosses. On the front, a forcefully scribed circular pattern shows the results of effort, care, and irreversible change on the skin. On the back, the lacings outline a space where change can still happen. The circular pattern is echoed in the engraved orb of the frontispiece, with Christ holding a graver tool. Endpapers of handmade linen stock that best matches the color of both the text paper and the parchment cover, sewn on, and held down under the visible turn-ins. Endbands sewn first with linen thread for strength and flexibility, then embroidered with gold and silver silk threads in a traditional endband pattern.