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The Threat of Protestantism

Miguel García Cuesta. Catecismo brevísimo acerca del Protestantismo, para el uso del pueblo, extractado en su mayor parte, del que para el pueblo español escribió el eminentísimo cardenal Cuesta. Guadalajara: Impr. de N. Parga, 1879. (Pamphlet, 28 p., 18cm x 13cm)

Bound together with Anales de los sacerdotes adoradores y de la liga sacerdotes eucaristica. Vol.8. No.2. Buenos Aires: 1915. (Pamphlet, 40 p., 18cm x 13cm)

The reason why these two apparently unrelated works, published 36 years apart in completely different countries, are bound together is unknown, but each is of particular interest in its own right. The first, Catecismo brevísimo, is a lesson to Catholic believers about the perceived danger to the faith posed by Protestantism, and it is therefore designed to prevent good Catholics from falling prey to the lure of such heresy. The full catechism from which this excerpt was taken was originally written in 1869 by Miguel García Cuesta, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela and Cardinal-Priest of Saint Priscam, and it was widely circulated and read in Spain. It is likely that the Archbishop of Guadalajara Pedro José de Jesús Loza y Pardavé ordered it to be reprinted in his archdiocese for the good of his parishioners, as he clearly encouraged its study by guaranteeing 80 days of indulgence for each lesson read with “religious attention.” The treatise discusses in simple question and answer format the Catholic perception of the origin of Protestantism, the moral character of the patriarchs of Protestantism, the nature of Protestantism, the tolerance of Protestantism, the true Catholic Church and the ways of knowing it, the infallibility of the Catholic Church, how Catholics should behave towards Protestants, and civil marriage as a product of Protestantism.